Macular degeneration is a term used to describe an eye disorder that causes vision loss. It is the leading cause of vision loss in adults over the age of sixty. It occurs due to the deterioration of the eye’s macula, which is a small area of the retina responsible for central vision and the ability to see fine details. It is caused by the formation of deposits or abnormal blood vessels under the retina. Symptoms may include blurriness, distortion of central vision, and eventually loss of central vision.
It Does Not Cause Blindness
Although people with more advanced stages of macular degeneration may ultimately lose their central vision, rarely does the disease cause total blindness even without treatment. In most cases, people with macular degeneration will still be able to utilize their peripheral vision or the vision that allows a person to see to the side. Some cases of macular degeneration may even cause a minimal impact on vision. Seeking treatment at the first sign of the disease is the best way to preserve central vision.