Canine parvovirus (CPV) is a highly contagious gastrointestinal virus spread from dog to dog through direct contact or contact with contaminated feces or vomit. If contracted, canine parvovirus requires immediate hospitalization and treatment with intensive care, medications, antibiotics, and immune system therapy. Without adequate treatment, canine parvovirus is fatal in ninety-one percent of cases. This virus is particularly dangerous for puppies under six months old, but unvaccinated or incompletely vaccinated dogs are also at risk. The canine parvovirus vaccine is first given in a battery of three doses, administered between six and sixteen weeks of age, followed by a booster one year later and then subsequent boosters every three years. For adult dogs who have not been vaccinated, or whose vaccination has lapsed, the first battery must be two doses administered approximately three to four weeks apart.
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