A sore throat is characterized by scratchiness, irritation or pain in the throat. The condition often becomes worse when the infected person swallows. A sore throat is most commonly caused by a viral infection such as a cold or the flu. Most symptoms of a sore throat will resolve with general home care. When a sore throat is caused by a bacterial infection, it is known as strep throat or a streptococcal infection. The following is a list of symptoms, causes, and treatment options.
The symptoms of a sore throat depend on what type of infection has occurred. General symptoms may include a scratchy or painful sensation in the throat that gets worse when talking or swallowing, sore and swollen glands in the neck and jaw, white patches or pus on the tonsils, a hoarse or raspy voice, swollen and red tonsils, and difficulty swallowing. Other symptoms may include a fever, cough, body aches, headache, vomiting or nausea, sneezing, and a runny nose.