Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is an allergic condition that affects the esophagus. Some medical professionals also think it is an immune disorder, which means the individual's immune system mistakenly attacks their body. Eosinophilic esophagitis causes the esophagus, the tube leading from the mouth to the stomach, to become inflamed. When the doctor examines the throat, they find a large number of white blood cells called eosinophils. These blood cells are usually not found in the throat. The condition can strike both adults and children, though they present with different symptoms. Learn about some major causes of eosinophilic esophagitis now.
The inflammation of eosinophilic esophagitis can cause esophageal damage. The way the white blood cells build up inside the esophagus can cause it to narrow. Sometimes, the esophagus narrows to the point where it is difficult to swallow, and food can even get stuck in the esophagus on the way down. This is called impaction and is a medical emergency. If the food cannot be swallowed, it can be removed through an endoscope. The food is at risk of being regurgitated because it is unable to pass to the stomach. The esophagus can also develop scar tissue or fibrous tissue because of eosinophilic esophagitis.
Get to know more causes and risk factors of this condition now.