Stage One: No Impaired Behavior
A patient usually does not exhibit symptoms of memory loss or other cognitive impairments during stage one of Alzheimerâs disease. The only way the disease can be detected during this stage is by a positron emission tomography (PET) scan, which is an imaging test that studies how well the brain is working. As the disease progresses into other stages, a patient will experience more changes in their reasoning or thinking.
Continue reading to learn about stage two.
Stage Two: Very Mild Impairment
Patients with stage two Alzheimerâs disease still may not show symptoms, or they may exhibit very mild cognitive impairment. In most cases, memory loss associated with this stage is difficult to differentiate from the symptoms of normal aging. A patient with stage two Alzheimerâs disease may still do well on memory tests, and symptoms are unlikely to be picked up by medical professionals yet. Stage two is characterized by small changes that do not interfere with a patientâs ability to live on their own.
Next, find out what happens when signs and symptoms begin to appear.
Stage Three: Mild Decline
By stage three, a patientâs medical doctors and family members may begin to notice memory and cognitive impairments. The three most common areas affected during stage three Alzheimerâs disease are planning and organizing, finding the right word to describe feelings during a conversation, and remembering names of new places or people. A patient with stage three may finally show signs of Alzheimerâs disease on memory and cognitive tests. During this stage, it is common to lose personal possessions such as keys, money, and other valuables.
Learn how moderate impairment affects a person's health now.
Stage Four: Moderate Impairment
During stage four Alzheimerâs disease, the symptoms that began to arise in stage three start to get worse. A patient will often forget important details about themselves, forget what month or time of year it is, have trouble locating the date on a calendar or perform simple math equations, and can no longer order from a menu or cook for themselves. It is recommended that patients in stage four no longer drive and are protected from being taken advantage of financially.
Understand how severe stage five can be, next.
Stage Five: Moderately Severe Impairment
During stage five, patients often experience significant confusion resulting in the inability to get dressed or recall simple details like their phone number. They may still maintain a moderate amount of functionality and can usually bathe and use the restroom by themselves unassisted. They may also still recall the names of family members and details about their past, such as their youth and childhood. A person with stage five Alzheimerâs disease may repeat themselves or ask the same questions over and over again.
Keep reading to discover how severe the second last stage can be.
Stage Six: Severe Impairment
Stage six Alzheimerâs disease is characterized by confusion or being unaware of a patientâs surroundings or environment, extreme personality changes and behavioral problems, the inability to recognize faces except for very close friends and relatives, loss of bladder and bowel control, and wandering. A person in stage six will need to be supervised regularly and requires the help of professional care. He or she will need assistance with going to the bathroom, bathing, eating, and other daily activities.
Finally, reveal what happens to a patient in the last stage of Alzheimer's.
Stage Seven: Very Severe Decline
The final stage of Alzheimerâs disease may be warranted by the inability to swallow, the need for assistance in all life activities, and the failure to speak anything except a few words or phrases. A patient in this stage is considered near death as Alzheimerâs disease is a terminal illness. The patient is not aware of their surroundings and can no longer tell when they are hungry or thirsty. They may require complete assistance with eating, walking, and using the bathroom. Patients with stage seven may no longer be able to recognize their loved ones.
Discover the early onset signs and symptoms of Alzheimer's to be aware of now.
Early Warning Signs To Be Aware Of
As the most common form of dementia, Alzheimerâs disease affects a patientâs memory, cognitive abilities, and bodily functions that heavily affects their daily lives. The common warning signs of early onset Alzheimerâs, which are seen at the different stages, include memory loss, difficulty planning and solving problems, trouble completing familiar or routine tasks, and issues determining the time and place of where they are. Other symptoms to be aware of are difficulty finding the right words and speech issues, misplacing items often around the home, making decisions can be challenging, withdrawn from work and social events, significant personality and mood changes, and not taking care of their physical hygiene and appearance as often.
Next, explore the risk factors associated with Alzheimerâs disease.
Although Alzheimerâs disease isnât an expected part of the aging process, many individuals are at an increased risk as they age. Typically, adults over the age of eighty-five have a fifty percent chance of developing this neurological disease. Patients who also have a family history of the condition, especially if a parent, sibling, or child has the disease, and if more than one family member has it, the risk significantly increases. Researchers have discovered rare genes that may directly cause or contribute to Alzheimerâs, and these genes can be carried from one generation to the next within a family. As a result, adults under the age of sixty-five may develop symptoms much earlier than expected, however, these genes account for less than five percent of all Alzheimerâs diagnoses. Other risk factors to be aware of include a history of diabetes, high blood pressure, obesity, smoking, depression, and cognitive and physical inactivity. By knowing the risk factors, individuals can hopefully prevent this disease from happening to them or a loved one.