Cellulite happens when the connective tissues of the skin are penetrated by fat deposits. This gives the skin a lumpy or dimpled appearance. Because of the texture of cellulite under the skin, it is often called orange-peel skin. Cellulite is found more often in women than in men because of the connective tissue and fat tissue arrangement under the skin. Cellulite can be caused by hormones, such as during menopause when the connective tissues receive less blood flow then they did previously. This results in a lack of oxygen to these areas, which causes the skin to produce less collagen. Some genetic factors must be present for cellulite to develop. This could be related to fat distribution, circulatory levels, metabolism, and ethnicity. Frequent smoking, sedentary lifestyle, high fat diet, and obesity are factors that can increase the risk of developing cellulite.
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Carboxytherapy is a non-invasive cosmetic medical treatment that utilizes injections to insert carbon dioxide into the subcutaneous tissue under the skin. It is most often used to treat stretch marks, cellulite, and dark under eye circles. This procedure has shown to reduce wrinkles and fine lines, increase circulation, and increase the skin's elasticity. Additionally, this procedure also assists with fatty deposit destruction and repair of collagen. This type of therapy is often chosen over other more invasive methods like liposuction to decrease fat and cellulite. This type of therapy is most often utilized on the eyelids, stomach, legs, face, neck, arms, and buttocks. This therapy usually requires between seven and ten separate treatments approximately a week apart to see desired results for the reduction of cellulite. Each treatment typically takes between fifteen and thirty minutes and are all outpatient procedures. The carbon dioxide infusion works because the cells naturally excrete carbon dioxide as waste, and then red blood cells come to absorb the carbon dioxide and drop oxygen off. Ultimately, those red blood cells deliver the carbon dioxide back to the lungs where it is exhaled into the air. The concentration of carbon dioxide in specific areas of the skin results in an influx of red blood cells to the site, which increases circulation.
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Ultrasonic liposculpting works by liquefying fat cells before removing them to achieve fat loss. The fat cells are targeted by ultrasonic waves after being guided with ultrasound technology. This procedure is also often referred to as ultrasound-assisted liposuction. Ultrasound-assisted liposuction may be effective for treating areas of cellulite because it can more precisely target fat areas, increase the contraction of the skin, preserve the surrounding nerves, and removing stubborn fibrous fat. This procedure is performed on the legs, arms, abdomen, breasts, buttocks, and back. Ultrasound-assisted liposuction is also an outpatient procedure and most individuals who undergo it can go home the same day. This procedure is more invasive than other types of cellulite treatment and has shown consistently to be less effective than other methods of getting rid of cellulite. Because ultrasound-assisted liposuction requires several sites of injection, the risk for developing a post-procedure infection is greater than other methods. Ultrasound-assisted liposuction also requires the use of local or general anesthesia because it can be too painful otherwise. Other alternatives do always require the use of anesthetic.
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Acoustic Wave Therapy
Acoustic wave therapy is a non-invasive and effective treatment used to treat cellulite, kidney stones, and joint inflammation. It works by using acoustic wave or pressure wave energy to concentrate on the fibrous connective tissue bands that cause cellulite. This process also triggers neovascularization or the formation of new blood vessels. This effectively increases blood flow and circulation to the area. Acoustic wave therapy works best when it is done one to two times each week for a span of six to eight weeks. The treatment is administered with a probe and special gel applied to the area, and each treatment usually lasts between fifteen and thirty minutes. No injections are needed and no anesthesia is used. Patients can return to their normal daily activities immediately following the treatment. Because this procedure is non-surgical, non-invasive, and has no downtime, patients tend to tolerate acoustic wave therapy better than other methods of cellulite reduction treatments.
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Topical Caffeine Creams
Topical caffeine creams are skin care products that contain concentrated levels of caffeine. Caffeine creams are used to treat cellulite, under-eye puffiness, and fat. Caffeine cream works by dehydrating the cells of the targeted area. When it is applied several times per day, every day, it causes fat cells to shrink and results in cells pushing away water. Caffeine creams also reduce the presence of inflammation by constricting small blood vessels that become dilated as an inflammatory response. Essentially, when the caffeine in the cream or lotion removes moisture from the skin, the skin becomes firmer as long as the product is being used. While this is by far the most convenient and usually the most cost-effective way to improve the appearance of cellulite, it does have its drawbacks. Caffeine creams effectively reduce the appearance of cellulite as long as they are used consistently and continuously. Once the use of the caffeine cream is ceased, the cellulite will most likely return, as the cells of the area are no longer under the effects of a diuretic.
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Retinol treatments are topical creams, lotions, and ointments derived from vitamin A. The skin is able to absorb this nutrient in retinol creams because it is a retinoid-responsive organ. This vitamin A derivative treatment promotes new skin cell production and stimulates the production of collagen. Essentially, retinol treatments stimulate the skin cells to die rapidly to allow for new growth of cells underneath. This causes new plumper and firmer skin to form, which effectively reduces the appearance of cellulite. These treatment creams can be purchased over-the-counter or stronger versions can be prescribed by a physician. It is important to note retinol treatments do not work the same on everyone. While retinol is extremely effective for one individual, it may not be for the next. However, it is a very convenient, cost-effective, non-toxic, and non-surgical alternative to decreasing the appearance of cellulite then other methods when it does work.