Dandruff is a condition that causes an individual's scalp to itch. Most patients with dandruff notice skin flakes on their scalp, hair, and shoulders. Skin flakes could also appear on their eyebrows or beard. Dandruff can occur at any age. It is worth noting that it is more common in the colder, drier months of the year. High stress may increase the severity of this condition.
Thankfully, dandruff treatment is out there. Patients have many different treatment methods available to them, including natural dandruff control. Many individuals find that over-the-counter dandruff shampoos work very well on their hair. However, sometimes they will need a strong dandruff shampoo, which can require a prescription from a dermatologist. Anti-dandruff shampoos are often used long term to combat the itchy scalp and flake. Of course, everyone wants the best shampoo for dandruff. The good news is that patients seem to have a few options here.
Ketoconazole shampoo can be purchased as an over-the-counter product. Stronger formulations require a prescription. Ketoconazole destroys the fungi on the scalp that are associated with dandruff. Over-the-counter formulations are usually gentle enough to use on color-treated hair. Many patients enjoy the clean scent of these shampoos.
When using the one percent version of this shampoo, patients should apply the shampoo to wet hair, massaging it over their whole scalp. After rinsing the shampoo, patients should repeat this process a second time. The one percent shampoo is intended for use three to four times a week. Patients might need to use it for two months to see results. Individuals who use the two percent formulation should wet their hair. They should only apply it to the affected area. Patients should wait at least five minutes before rinsing. The two percent formula is intended to be used only once.
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Shampoos With Tar
Some of the most popular anti-dandruff shampoos are made with ingredients derived from coal tar. Coal tar reduces the turnover rate of skin cells on the scalp. This can reduce skin flaking. Most tar-based shampoos contain a ten percent coal tar solution. While coal tar shampoos are generally well-tolerated, patients with lupus should consult a doctor before use. This type of shampoo can make the skin more sensitive to the sun. Thus, individuals who use light therapy should check with their doctor before starting this treatment.
Tar-based shampoo may stain the fingernails, hair, and skin. Due to this, patients who have light-colored hair may want to try an alternative product first. Tar shampoos can be applied to the entire scalp. They should be left on the scalp for several minutes before rinsing. Patients should be careful to avoid getting the shampoo in their eyes, nose, or mouth. If they do, it could cause burning. Patients who have not seen results with one type of tar shampoo may need to try another one. Dermatologists can prescribe other remedies as needed.
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Shampoos With Selenium Sulfide
Selenium sulfide is an antifungal compound that prevents fungus from growing on the scalp. Shampoos with selenium sulfide are available in many over-the-counter formulations. Dermatologists may prescribe more potent versions. Pregnant women should talk to their doctor before using any product with selenium sulfide. These shampoos are too strong to be used daily. Patients should use them only as often as is recommended on the package instructions. In most cases, they can be used twice a week.
It is essential to shake the shampoo bottle just before applying the product. Additionally, patients should ensure that they rinse all of the shampoo out of their hair. They must also store this product at room temperature. It is important to keep it away from moisture and heat. During treatment with this shampoo, patients should monitor their scalp for itching, redness, peeling, or blistering. Patients should stop using the shampoo and consult a doctor if these side effects occur.
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Salicylic Acid Shampoos
Salicylic acid shampoos help break down dead skin cells on the scalp. This reduces scales and improves the symptoms associated with dandruff. Salicylic acid is one of the most common ingredients in over-the-counter shampoos designed to treat dandruff. Some patients use it for seasonal dandruff. It is also appropriate for regular use. Salicylic acid reduces skin flaking and provides moisture for a dry scalp. When used regularly, it can maintain healthy moisture levels in this area.
This type of shampoo is most effective when used once or twice a week. Patients may need to continue using this product weekly after their dandruff resolves. After wetting the hair and lathering the shampoo, the product should be allowed to remain on the scalp for five minutes before being rinsed off. Salicylic acid shampoos should not be rubbed through the ends of the hair. Patients will need to monitor their scalp for any increases in dry skin. They should check for skin peeling too. This product may cause a burning sensation for some users.
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Pyrithione Zinc Shampoos
Pyrithione zinc is an ingredient that combats the growth of the fungi and bacteria linked to dandruff. This ingredient can be found in over-the-counter products and prescription shampoos. It helps reduce the growth of yeast. This is one of the major factors in the development of dandruff. Patients should shake this shampoo just before using it. After lathering the shampoo into the scalp, users should let it sit on their hair for at least one minute.
Pyrithione zinc shampoos are considered safe for the majority individuals. However, pregnant or nursing women should ask a doctor before use. Women hoping to become pregnant should also check with a doctor before using this product. If irritation occurs during use, patients should talk to their doctor. Pyrithione zinc can be harmful if swallowed. It may cause burning if it gets into the eyes. Patients should be careful to avoid contact with the eyes while shampooing with this product.