Hemolytic uremic syndrome is a condition that affects both the blood and blood vessels. The syndrome destroys red blood cells, and these destructed cells clog the kidneys, eventually leading to serious kidney failure. Hemolytic uremic syndrome often occurs in young children, and the majority of cases are caused by an infection. For children under five years old, the most common cause of hemolytic uremic syndrome is an E. coli infection. Some immunosuppressive and antimalarial medications may also cause this syndrome. In rare cases, it can be triggered by pneumonia, HIV or AIDS, and pregnancy. Symptoms generally include abdominal pain, bruising, bloody diarrhea, blood in the urine, fatigue, hypertension, and swelling of the face or extremities. Some patients may appear very pale, and they may also have confusion or experience seizures. To diagnose hemolytic uremic syndrome, doctors will perform blood and urine tests, and a stool culture is sometimes needed.
The steps outlined below are some of those most commonly recommended for the treatment and prevention of hemolytic uremic syndrome.
Platelet transfusions can improve blood clotting in patients with hemolytic uremic syndrome, and these transfusions are often needed when patients are experiencing bruising or blood in the urine or stool. Prior to a platelet transfusion, the patient will have a blood test to determine their platelet count to determine the transfusion's necessity. To administer the transfusion, a medical professional will start an intravenous line, and the transfusion itself usually takes around fifteen to thirty minutes. Medical staff will monitor the patient's blood pressure, pulse, and temperature during the transfusion. Side effects are rare, though they include increased temperature, shivering, itching, or a skin rash. Patients should tell staff immediately if they feel sick at any time during the transfusion. After the transfusion, the patient's platelet count will increase right away, and most patients feel a significant improvement in their energy levels. If necessary, repeated platelet transfusions can be given.
Keep reading to reveal more options for treating and preventing hemolytic uremic syndrome now.