Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the form of cancer that affects white blood cells. White blood cells are manufactured in bone marrow, which is the body tissue inside bones. They are also referred to as lymphocytes, and their function is hampered when an individual develops acute lymphoblastic leukemia. For the most part, ALL affects children aged two to five years, but adults can also be at risk. Symptoms of this cancer, like others, do vary among individuals.
Symptoms In Bone Marrow
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia leads to a reduction in the number of normal blood cells, which can lead to symptoms such as feeling tired, weak, and dizzy. Some patients also experience shortness of breath and bruise more easily. This happens because the red blood cells are responsible for carrying oxygen and nutrients to other cells in the body, and too few red blood cells equals low energy.
Since acute lymphoblastic leukemia is a cancer of the white blood cells, fewer of them function normally. This is exhibited in symptoms such as fever, chronic infections, and enlarged lymph nodes. Without the full function of the white blood cells and the other parts of the immune system, the body is at a higher risk for other illnesses from influenza to sepsis.