Cancer risk is a term used to describe the probability of an individual developing cancer or the probability of cancer returning in the body of a patient who has previously had it. An increased risk factor is anything that increases the chance of cancer development. Some individuals with multiple risk factors will never have cancer, while some with no known risk factors will develop cancer.
Some cancer risk factors are not things an individual can control, such as genetic predisposition, gender, and age. Other cancer risk factors are within an individual's control, such as lifestyle choices and certain behaviors. An individual who has an understanding of factors that increase their risk of developing cancer will have a greater chance of early detection. There are also a handful of ways individuals can help lower their risk of developing cancer.
Eat A Healthy And Balanced Diet
An individual can reduce their risk of developing cancer if they eat a healthy and balanced diet. Someone who consumes a diet high in sugars, fats, and processed meats is a greater risk of developing cancer than an individual who consumes healthier alternatives. The excessive consumption of saturated fat is proven to increase an individual's risk of developing prostate and colon cancer. To lower the risk of cancer, individuals should aim to consume a minimum of two and a half cups of vegetables and fruit every day.
An individual can reduce their risk of developing cancer by limiting their intake of beef, pork, lamb, bacon, luncheon meats, sausage, and hot dogs. Consuming cereals, bread, and pasta produced from whole grains rather than refined grains can help lower the risk of cancer. Choosing brown rice over white rice and limiting the intake of sugary foods and beverages can also help lower the risk of developing cancer. In addition, eating fish two times a week has been proven to reduce an individual's risk of developing prostate cancer.