MALT lymphoma is an indolent or slowing type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma that affects the mucosa-associated lymphoid tissues (MALT) of the lymphatic system. The tissues are located in mucosal sites in the body such as gastrointestinal tract, thyroid glands, and salivary glands. It is the third most common non-Hodgkin lymphoma and accounts for eight percent of diagnosed cases. It can occur at any age but is mostly in individuals over sixty.
The exact cause is not fully established, but the Helicobacter pylori (H. pyroli) infection is a risk factor. The most common MALT Lymphoma occurs in the stomach and accounts for over seventy percent of cases. Individuals who develop the disease in other parts of the body typically have a history of various autoimmune disorders.
Treatment depends on the stage of development and the location. Initial stages of MALT lymphoma that occur in other areas rather than the stomach can be treated using radiation therapy or surgery. However, chemotherapy is used in advanced stages, and antibiotics are used to treat MALT lymphoma in the stomach.
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