Though vaccines have lessened or eliminated many childhood diseases, there are still many that cannot be prevented. Childhood illnesses can be caused by bacteria, viruses, parasites, and fungi. Any disease-causing microbe is called a pathogen. Children and infants are susceptible to disease because they have an immature immune system, which means have not been exposed to or have not been inoculated against many pathogens. Children are especially prone to dehydration when sick because they have low body weight. If vomiting and diarrhea are present, it is essential to replace lost fluids. Preventing transmission of almost all diseases is a simple as washing one’s hands, staying away from sick people, and covering one’s cough or sneeze. Reveal the most common childhood illnesses now.
Chickenpox is a common childhood ailment caused by the varicella-zoster virus. It is a highly contagious disease marked by a red, itchy rash on the back, stomach, and face that can quickly spread to all areas of the body. Fever, fatigue, and headache are other symptoms of this ailment. To limit rash symptoms consider using lemon balm for quick soothing relief. Once the body has developed antibodies for chickenpox, however, it has lifetime immunity against it.
Most cases can now be prevented with the introduction of the varicella-zoster vaccine in 1995. It is a weakened version of the chickenpox virus designed to stimulate the body’s immune system to build antibodies against it. The number of chickenpox cases has declined over ninety percent since it came into use. Complications of chickenpox include skin infections due to scratching. Other less common complications are pneumonia, encephalitis, sepsis, and dehydration. Those most susceptible to this disease and its complications are infants who are too young to be vaccinated, pregnant women, and individuals with weakened immune systems.