Malaria is prevalent in about one hundred countries around the world, and although travelers should take heed, not all of those countries have high levels of the disease in all areas. Levels vary from low to high and can be dependent on rainfall amounts and the success rate of malaria control efforts. Health care professionals advise travelers to research current risk levels for their country of choice before booking airplane tickets.
Afghanistan has the fourth largest incident rate of malaria in the world. It is listed as second highest within the World Health Organization’s Eastern Mediterranean Region. There are sixty-three districts in twelve provinces in the high-risk category. The risk of malaria in Afghanistan is rated at moderate from April to December in all low-altitude regions of the country below 2,500 m. As of 2015, there have been forty-nine reported deaths and 86,895 confirmed health facility cases.