Inflammatory bowel disease is a condition used to describe chronic inflammation of the digestive tract. The two main types of this condition are Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. Crohn's disease can affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract from the mouth to anus, while ulcerative colitis is confined to the large intestine. Symptoms common among inflammatory bowel diseases, specifically the two mentioned already, include cramping and abdominal pain, reduced appetite, diarrhea, chronic fatigue, fever, unexplained weight loss, as well as blood in the stool.
It is crucial to understand the different causes and complications of inflammatory bowel disease to ensure the most appropriate and effective treatment methods. Learn about these complications and causes now.
Immune System Malfunction
Ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease are autoimmune conditions, which occur when the immune system mistakes tissues and organs in the body as foreign invaders and responds by attacking them. This results in ulceration, inflammation, bleeding, abdominal pain, and fever. Severe cases of either of these conditions may include the formation of pus-filled ulcers on the lining of the colon, which causes problems eating, using the bathroom, and absorbing nutrients. Autoimmunity is the reflection of an overactive immune system and not an impaired one. It may be stabilized by eating an alkaline diet free of digestive irritants.