Osteoporosis is a bone disease characterized by low bone density in which the bones become brittle and weak. It occurs when the bone makes too little bone or loses too much bone, or both. This results in an increased risk of fracture by a fall. Even daily activities may cause a bone fracture such as coughing or sneezing too hard or bending over. Bone is made up of living tissue that is constantly being regenerated. Osteoporosis occurs when not enough new bone is produced to make up for the deterioration of old bone.
Taking supplements that improve bone health is a good way to keep osteoporosis away. These include magnesium and vitamin D3, which are needed for calcium absorption, and vitamin K, which is critical for proper bone formation. If taking a calcium supplement, be sure to choose calcium citrate as this form is most readily available for absorption. Strontium is an alkaline mineral that can also be used to prevent osteoporosis. As the body prefers to absorb these nutrients in the form of food, be sure to eat a diet with a variety of plant-based foods or look for a whole-food supplement.