The association between migraines and Meniere's disease has been a subject of debate for years. A migraine causes an altered sensation, which can lead to vertigo and can be accompanied by a headache or not. Visual changes are other symptoms. The condition is heavily associated with Meniere's disease because almost forty percent of individuals living with the inner ear disorder experience vertigo and migraines, episodes of which involve nausea, vomiting, and dizziness. These same symptoms are present in a person who has Meniere's.
The duration of episodic vertigo in both migraines and Meniere's disease vary from person to person, which further complicates the distinction between the two. Most specialists include treatment for vertigo migraines when managing Meniere's disease. Some research shows migraine conditions are related to the constriction of blood vessels, which is a possibility in Meniere's as well. Distinguishing the two conditions can be difficult, and doctors have to apply strict diagnostic measures. The increased cases of vertigo migraines have pushed for enhanced diagnostic criteria, but even then, it is unclear what role the vestibular disorder has to play in Meniere's disease.
Continue reading to understand more causes of Meniere's disease.