Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is an acute and serious medical problem that requires urgent attention. The condition is caused by the formation of a blood clot in a vein deep inside the body, typically in the lower leg, though deep vein thrombosis can also frequently occur in the pelvis and thigh. If the clot travels to the lungs, deep vein thrombosis can be fatal. Pregnant women and individuals who must sit or lie down for long periods, such as those recovering from surgery or who are traveling on a long airplane flight or car trip face an increased risk of developing deep vein thrombosis. Obese individuals may also have an elevated risk.
If treatment for deep vein thrombosis is sought early, doctors can administer medication to break up the blood clot. This is why it’s especially important to recognize symptoms of DVT. The following symptoms may signal deep vein thrombosis and should be investigated by medical professionals.
Cramping Or Soreness In The Leg
Cramping or soreness in the leg may indicate the presence of a blood clot in the calf, one of the most common locations for deep vein thrombosis. The cramping and soreness are almost always in one leg only. Individuals most at risk of having DVT in this location include travelers and those recovering from surgery, as both of these situations result in immobility and limited blood flow. The cramping, soreness, and pain from deep vein thrombosis are generally unexplained by other injuries or causes. While the pain may start out as mild, it can quickly become severe in a matter of hours. For example, some patients with DVT cannot tolerate having their leg touched by a sheet due to the extreme pain it causes. In addition to cramping and pain in the leg, patients may also have extreme pain in their foot or ankle. Doctors often recommend compression socks for patients who are in the hospital after surgery, and travelers on long trips to reduce the risk of deep vein thrombosis. Compression socks help keep blood moving in the legs to reduce the risk of a clot.
Reveal the next major warning sign of deep vein thrombosis.