Guide To Endocrine System Diseases
Hyperthyroidism And Hypothyroidism
Hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism are terms used to describe a problem with the thyroid gland, which is responsible for secreting hormones that control the activities of the heart, brain, muscles, and metabolism. Hyperthyroidism refers to a condition where the thyroid gland is producing too much thyroid hormone. Symptoms of hyperthyroidism include heat intolerance, sweating, forgetfulness, palpitations, fast heart rate, loose stool, weight loss, fatigue, racing thoughts, and problems focusing. Hypothyroidism is a condition where the thyroid gland is not producing enough thyroid hormone. Symptoms of hypothyroidism include fatigue, dry skin, constipation, muscle cramps, swelling at the front of the neck, decreased menstrual flow, weight gain, depression, dry hair, and brittle nails. Hypothyroidism is more common than hyperthyroidism, though both are more prevalent in women over sixty years old.
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