Appendicitis is a condition in which an individual's appendix becomes irritated and inflamed. The most prevalent cause of abdominal pain that requires surgery as treatment is appendicitis, with over five percent of individuals developing the condition at one point during their life. Symptoms of appendicitis include indigestion, appetite loss, constipation, nausea, vomiting, abdominal swelling, low-grade fever, inability to pass gas, and lower right-sided abdominal pain. A diagnosis of appendicitis is made with the use of a physical examination, blood tests, urine tests, pregnancy test, pelvic exam, abdominal ultrasound, abdominal CT scan, abdominal MRI scan, and abdominal x-rays. Treatment for appendicitis depends on the severity of the condition and may include appendix removal surgery, abscess drainage, pain-relieving medications, liquid diet, antibiotics, and intravenous fluids.
Appendicitis can have several causes and produce various complications. Learn about them now.
Blockage In The Appendix Lining
An individual is likely to get appendicitis when they develop a blockage in the lining of their appendix. The blockage in the appendix lining can be caused by hard stool, foreign bodies, parasites, or dried mucus. A blockage in the lining of the appendix causes the mucus behind it that has been produced by this organ to accumulate. Built-up mucus in the appendix due to a blockage causes this organ to become swollen and enlarged. When the appendix swells or becomes enlarged, the flow of blood through its supplying blood vessels becomes impaired. Impaired blood flow in the appendix tissues can cause cell death due to a lack of oxygen and nutrients required to sustain life. Cellular death and damage in the appendix induce a response by the immune system. The immune system reacts by sending numerous substances and different types of cells to the site of tissue damage. This influx of blood cells and other immune substances causes further inflammation and infection or appendicitis.
Uncover more causes and complications linked to appendicitis now.