Guide To Fibrous Dysplasia Warning Signs

Fibrous dysplasia is a rare bone disorder that occurs when fibrous tissue develops instead of normal bone. This scar-like tissue doesn't provide the structural support that bones need, so the affected bone becomes weak and more susceptible to fracturing or deformity. The majority of cases involve just one bone and a single site, but some patients experience the condition in multiple bones. Young adults and adolescents generally have one bone involved, while multi-bone cases usually develop before a patient reaches ten years old. 

Fibrous dysplasia is caused by a gene mutation, but the gene isn't passed from a parent to a child. Though there isn't a cure for this condition, there are treatments that focus on bone stabilization and pain relief. Mild cases may not cause any symptoms, but more severe cases have significant warning signs. 

Bone Fractures

As the fibrous tissue grows and expands to form more of the bone, the bone becomes weaker, which can lead to more bone fractures than in an otherwise healthy individual. In patients with multiple affected bones, it may be necessary for them to undergo surgical repair of their bones. Surgery may also involve removing the fibrous tissue entirely to prevent further fractures. 

The condition might affect any bone, though fractures are most commonly seen in the thighbone, shinbone, upper arm bone, pelvis, skull, and ribs. It's important for the condition to be diagnosed and treated to help prevent further deformity and fractures. Abnormal bones begin to form before an individual is born, but there typically aren't symptoms until later in life. It's rare for fibrous dysplasia to occur in individuals beyond young adults.

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