Lichen planus is a type of inflammatory condition that develops in response to abnormal immune system reactions. It sometimes occurs along with autoimmune disorders, and it may also occur as a result of viral infections, allergic reactions, stress, and genetic conditions. Some over-the-counter pain relievers such as ibuprofen and naproxen could cause this condition, and it is also associated with exposure to certain metals and chemicals like arsenic or gold. Patients with lichen planus normally have swelling and irritation that affects the mucous membranes, skin, hair, and nails. Primary care doctors and dermatologists are normally able to diagnose lichen planus with a visual inspection of the skin and mucous membranes. Sometimes, a skin biopsy may be useful in confirming the diagnosis. Mild episodes of lichen planus often resolve within a week without any treatment. For moderate to advanced cases, doctors might prescribe retinoids, corticosteroids, non-steroidal topical treatments, or light therapy.
The major symptoms associated with lichen planus are discussed below.
Blisters On Gums And Mouth Ulcers
Patients who have lichen planus that affects the mouth could develop blisters on their gums and mouth ulcers. The mouth sores associated with this condition are usually white, and they often have a lace-like texture. Most patients find the sores, blisters, and ulcers in the mouth are painful, and they can make eating, drinking, and chewing difficult. The sores might develop on the lips or tongue too. To make eating and drinking with a sore mouth easier, patients may need to apply a topical anesthetic to the sores prior to eating. Patients could also try eating on the side of the mouth that is unaffected or less affected, and the use of meal replacement shakes might be helpful. Since some types of mouth sores may be associated with more serious conditions, it is especially important for any sores to be promptly evaluated by a physician. Patients who have had lichen planus in the mouth are at an increased risk of oral cancer, and they may need to have regular oral cancer screenings.
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