Speech therapy is often used for children with periventricular leukomalacia or cerebral palsy. It also helps those who are having trouble meeting speech milestones. Studies indicate that over half of children with cerebral palsy have speech issues of the spastic, ataxic, and athetoid variety. Examples of these include words that sound slurred; problems controlling throat, neck, and face muscles; and breathy, monotone speech with unusual accelerations and pauses, respectively.
Speech therapists help increase motor skills, strengthen muscles related to speech, and improve a child's understanding of language. Some speech therapists may be able to help children who experience swallowing disorders. The goal of speech therapy is to improve a child's ability to communicate their thoughts and feelings. It can help with social development, cognitive development, problem-solving, and emotional development. Speech therapy can increase a patient's independence and encourage learning.
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