Leptospirosis, also known as rat fever, is caused by bacteria known as leptospira. This disease is usually transmitted from animals to humans by bacteria in urine and other bodily fluids. Transmission doesn’t have to happen directly; it can also come through food or water contaminated by animal urine. Floodwater can also spread leptospira to large numbers of humans. Animals that typically host leptospira include rodents, cows, dogs, pigs, and horses. Generally, animals are not affected by this bacteria. For humans, however, it can cause a wide range of problems. Untreated leptospirosis can lead to a host of disorders, including kidney disease and meningitis. Read on to understand some common symptoms of leptospirosis.
Leptospirosis can occur in phases. During the first phase, headache or neuralgia is one of the most common symptoms. Of course, many individuals get headaches every day, so pay attention to your symptoms. If a headache is accompanied by fever, chills, muscle aches, and vomiting or diarrhea, see a doctor. Leptospirosis can safely be treated with antibiotics, but untreated it can be deadly. This disorder may also seem to clear up, but then return. The second phase is more dangerous than the first, so if you have a recurrence, pay attention.
Keep reading to get familiar with more leptospirosis symptoms.