Sepsis is a serious medical condition. It occurs when the patient's body has an abnormal response to an infection. To diagnose sepsis, doctors will need to confirm that the patient has an infection. They will check the patient's blood pressure and respiration. Individuals with sepsis have a systolic blood pressure reading of less than 100 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg) and a respiration rate of at least twenty-two breaths per minute. In addition, they have an altered mental state.
Patients need prompt sepsis treatment to reduce their risk of septic shock. Most patients will receive intravenous antibiotics for sepsis at the hospital. Other intravenous fluids for sepsis will be administered as well. Some individuals may need other medications for sepsis, which may include pain medication and vasopressors. All patients should get supportive care for sepsis too. However, the best treatment for sepsis depends on the cause. This includes getting specific antibiotics for sepsis. Thus, individuals need to know what caused their case first.
Pneumonia is an infection of the air sacs (alveoli) in the lungs where the alveoli fill with fluid or pus. This makes it difficult for patients to breathe. Patients can get this illness in one or both of the lungs. Some individuals may not be aware that they have the condition. Typically, symptoms develop over several days. Patients may have a cough with phlegm or mucus. They may also deal with chest pain when breathing or coughing. Fatigue, fever, sweating, and chills could occur. Some patients may notice nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and appetite loss as well.
Pneumonia can lead to confusion and a body temperature that is lower than normal in older adults and individuals with weakened immune systems. Viruses, fungi, and bacteria can cause this condition. Bacterial pneumonia is treated with antibiotics. Patients with the viral form may be treated with fluids, rest, and fever-reducing medication.
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