Being obese is one of the strongest risk factors for the development of pseudotumor cerebri, particularly for women. Women under forty-four years old who are obese are especially susceptible. In the general population, the average prevalence of pseudotumor cerebri is approximately one or two in 100,000 individuals. Among obese women, pseudotumor cerebri occurs in an estimated four to twenty-one individuals out of every 100,000. Given the strong correlation between obesity and pseudotumor cerebri, doctors often recommend weight loss as the first line of treatment. Patients may be advised to make dietary changes, including reducing their fat and salt intake, and some patients may also need to limit fluids. To help with weight loss and reduce fluid retention, patients may be prescribed diuretics, which enable the body to release excess fluid through urination. Patients struggling with their weight might wish to join a weight loss support group or consult a nutritionist.
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