Blood Thinning Medication
Medically known as anticoagulants or antiplatelet medicines, blood thinning medication helps prevent the formation of clots in the blood and stop existing clots from growing. These drugs are often recommended to patients who are at risk of a cardiac event and to those who have already experienced a heart attack. Some of the most commonly used blood thinners include apixaban, dabigatran, rivaroxaban, and warfarin. In addition to these oral medications, stronger blood thinners such as heparin and fondaparinux can be given with an IV or injection to patients with the highest cardiac risk. The most common side effects of blood thinning medication are bruising easily and experiencing higher than average blood loss from minor scrapes. More serious side effects of blood thinners include heavy menstrual periods, blood in the urine, bleeding gums, nosebleeds, dizziness, and headaches or stomach aches. Some types of blood thinners require close monitoring, including frequent blood tests. Patients preparing for surgery will likely be required to stop taking blood thinners for a few days before the procedure to avoid possible complications.
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