Heart problems are a major concern in this condition. Studies have shown between twenty-five to fifty percent of patients with the condition have congenital heart defects. These most often include a narrowing of the aorta, problems with the aortic arch, or the presence of a bicuspid aortic valve. Turner's patients should be seen by a cardiologist and monitored with echo-cardiogram or cardiac MRI studies, and cardiovascular surgery may be required to address particular heart concerns. Patients who do not have congenital heart defects are still at an elevated risk for high blood pressure, diabetes, and heart disease. Serious cardiac complications such as aortic dissection can occur during pregnancy, and they require emergency cardiovascular surgery.
Continue reading to learn about the next method involved in treating Turner syndrome.