The type of vasculitis a patient has ultimately determines which medication options are ideal for them. Almost all types may benefit from glucocorticoid medication, though a second one might be added for certain vasculitis types. Glucocorticoid medications focus on the inflammation that occurs with this condition. They can cause severe side effects, especially when a patient needs to take them for a long time, so when they are used long-term, patients generally receive the lowest possible dose that still effectively treats their inflammation. Certain types of this disorder might respond to rituximab, a drug administered intravenously. This drug is a monoclonal antibody that can target specific cells potentially responsible for the patient’s condition. Cyclophosphamide and methotrexate might be prescribed to target the immune system to alleviate a patient’s symptoms. Azathioprine is sometimes prescribed once a patient’s vasculitis is under control and they are in maintenance mode working to prevent a worsening of their symptoms. Other medications might be used depending on the patient’s vasculitis type and individual symptoms.
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