It is normal for everyone to feel down once in a while, however, if an individual feels sad most of the time and it affects the quality of their life, they may be experiencing a form of depression. Thankfully, depression can be treated with medicine, talking to a therapist, or making lifestyle changes. There are numerous types of depression with various causes, ranging from stressful life events or chemical changes in the brain. Continue reading to discover the various types of depression and how they can each be treated now.
Major Depressive Disorder
Over sixteen million Americans, a majority of them being women, experience this incredibly common form of depression, known as major or clinical depression. An individual might have this type of depression if they feel depressed the majority of the time for most days of the week. Symptoms an individual can experience include a loss of interest or pleasure from their activities, weight loss or gain, difficulty sleeping or constantly feeling tired throughout the day, and a lack of energy. Other symptoms include feeling restless and agitated, very sluggish and slowed down mentally or physically, feeling worthless or guilty, difficulty concentrating, and thoughts of suicide.
According to the American Psychiatric Association, a doctor can diagnose an individual with major or clinical depression if they display five or more of these symptoms on most days for two weeks or longer, with one of the symptoms being a depressed mood or loss of interest in activities. Treatment options for patients include talk therapy with a mental health professional, antidepressants, and if therapy and medication do not work, electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) or repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (RTMS).
Next, learn what persistent depressive disorder is and how it is similar to major depression.