Feeling sad every once in a while is a normal experience. Sometimes things happen to make individuals sad, or they feel a sense of stress or dissatisfaction in life from time to time. However, if the sadness happens most of the time, or it happens without apparent rhyme or reason, or it's serious enough to affect someone's daily functioning, they might be suffering from depression. Depression can be treated through psychotherapy, lifestyle changes, and medication. With that said, it's important to get the right diagnosis. There are several types of depression, and each type has its own treatment, though some options may be similar. Some types of depression are caused by life events, while others are related to chemical changes. If individuals think they might be suffering from depression, they should talk to a doctor.
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Major depression, also called major depressive disorder, is one of the most common types of depression, and it's also one of the easiest to recognize. If individuals feel sad and depressed for most of the day during most days of the week, they may be suffering from major depression. To get a diagnosis, patients must have been experiencing the feelings and symptoms for at least two weeks. In addition to feeling sad, patients might experience a loss of pleasure or interest in their hobbies. They may be fatigued during the day, but have trouble getting to sleep at night. Their appetite may be affected, which may cause them to lose or gain weight. It might be difficult to concentrate, and their thoughts might feel slower than usual. Affected individuals might experience feelings of guilt or worthlessness, as well as agitation and restlessness. It may be difficult for them to make decisions or concentrate. Some individuals also experience thoughts of suicide, which are very serious symptoms that should be brought up to a doctor.
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