Seasonal Affective Disorder
Seasonal affective disorder is a form of depression that occurs when the seasons change. Individuals with seasonal affective disorder experience depression that begins and ends around the same time each year. The majority of seasonal affective disorder patients begin to experience symptoms of depression in the autumn, and these typically continue throughout the winter. When the days begin to get longer, and the temperature gets warmer in the spring, the patients' moods tend to get better. Though this is typical, there have been cases where seasonal affective disorder can cause depression that starts in the spring or summer. Patients with seasonal affective disorder might feel moody and hopeless. They may also feel like they don't have a lot of energy. Some cases of seasonal affective disorder can be treated by using a sun lamp, which mimics bright light to help the brain wake up. Psychotherapy is also a very helpful option. Depending on the case, patients might be helped by antidepressants as well.
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