Diabetes insipidus is a rare condition causing a water imbalance in the body, leading to excretion of larger than normal amounts of urine and increased thirst even after drinking plenty of fluids. Although most individuals have heard of diabetes mellitus, typically as either type 1 or type 2 diabetes, this is not the same as diabetes insipidus. There is currently no cure for this form of diabetes; however, treatment options are available to satisfy thirst and decrease the amount of urine output to prevent dehydration and electrolyte imbalances.
Get familiar with the various causes, symptoms, and treatment options for diabetes insipidus now.
There are two main types of diabetes insipidus. Although they are both related to an antidiuretic hormone called vasopressin, they each have separate causes. Central diabetes insipidus, also known as neurogenic or vasopressin-sensitive diabetes, occurs when the brain's pituitary gland does not secrete enough of the hormone vasopressin or does not produce it at all. Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus is caused when there are normal production levels of vasopressin, but there is an impaired response to the hormone from the kidneys.
Read about how diabetes insipidus can occur in individuals next.