Follow A Balanced Diet
Doctors encourage all patients who have diabetes mellitus to follow a balanced diet. Proper diet can help patients naturally lower their blood glucose and potentially avoid or reduce their need for oral medicines or insulin. The healthiest, most balanced diet for patients to adopt is one rich in fruits, vegetables, and complex carbohydrates and low in refined sugar, saturated fats, and processed foods. Doctors may also ask patients to monitor their carbohydrate intake. Choosing complex carbohydrates such as those found in brown rice, whole wheat bread, oatmeal, and legumes can help keep patients feeling satiated for longer than simple carbohydrates such as white rice and white pasta. Healthy fats such as the kind found in avocados and other vegetables help lower cholesterol levels and are a much better choice than fat from meat. When planning their diet, patients may wish to keep a food diary and take blood sugar readings before and after meals to determine how certain foods affect their levels.
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