Cataracts are a serious eye condition. A cataract occurs when the lens becomes clouded when it should remain clear. This cloudy covering on the lens causes trouble with visual performance, making it difficult to drive a car, see another individual's facial expression, and read. Cataracts develop slowly over several years and usually do not cause any symptoms during the early stages. Common symptoms of cataracts include clouded vision, dim vision, blurred vision, vision problems at night, glare sensitivity, and seeing halos around lights. Others are frequent prescription eyewear alterations, yellowing of colors, and double vision in one eye.
Many patients will wear prescription glasses for cataracts. They are the best non-surgical treatment for cataracts. Although many individuals may want a natural cataract treatment, the best option is surgery. Surgery is quite effective, and doctors may even use laser eye treatment for cataracts as part of the procedure. Of course, patients must understand cataract surgery before they undergo it.
When It Is Performed
Cataract surgery is a common medical procedure because cataracts are one of the most prevalent causes of visual impairment in individuals over sixty years old. This type of surgery is performed on a patient who has cataracts that have progressed so much that other treatments are no longer effective. The surgery is needed when vision problems disrupt an individual's everyday life and activities. In some cases, the presence of cataracts can cause problems with the treatment of another eye problem. Examples of these eye problems are diabetic retinopathy and age-related macular degeneration.
Surgery becomes necessary when other eye conditions cannot be treated due to cataracts. Cataract surgery is often performed at the same time as another eye surgery because it is more convenient. Another reason is that cataracts have to be removed to complete the other eye procedure.
Learn about how to prepare for cataract surgery next.