From the age of forty onward, particularly once reaching sixty years old, the majority of individuals start experiencing changes in their vision. Some need glasses because they begin to have trouble seeing up close, seeing while driving at night, adjusting to glare, or distinguishing certain colors. Many of these subtle changes do not need to have a dramatic impact on an individual's lifestyle, but as the years progress, the risk of age-related eye disease increases. With this in mind, get familiar with the most common eye problems seen in seniors, including prevention and treatment options, now.
Visit An Eye Doctor For A Comprehensive Dilated Eye Exam
Vision experts advise individuals to get their eyes checked regularly as part of their health care regime. An annual comprehensive dilated eye exam is advised for detecting vision problems and eye diseases without early warning signs. African Americans, due to a higher risk of glaucoma, should have comprehensive dilated eye exams beginning at forty years old. The comprehensive dilated eye exam includes the key elements of tonometry, dilation, a visual acuity test, and a visual field test.
Tonometry includes a small puff of air onto the eye or a gentle pressure-sensitive tip applied close to or on the eye to help detect glaucoma. The dilation test allows the eye care expert to see inside the eye using eye drops that widen the pupil and a special magnifying lens. A visual acuity test allows an eye care expert to gauge someone's ability to see at various distances. A visual field test assesses an individual's peripheral vision.