Anti-angiogenic drugs are used to treat the wet type of macular degeneration. During the procedure, the doctor will inject the medication directly into the patient's eye. The drugs block the abnormal vessels that currently exist from leaking. In addition, they help prevent the formation of new blood vessels, allowing the progression of the disease to slow. The medications are effective enough that some patients who take them have regained part of the vision they've lost. It still isn't a cure, though, which means the blood vessels will eventually start to form again. Many patients opt to have the treatment repeated periodically in follow-up visits to continue preventing the progression of macular degeneration. New blood vessels are formed through a process called angiogenesis. During this process, endothelial cells migrate to different parts of the body, grow, and become differentiated. These cells line blood vessels. In addition to treating macular degeneration, anti-angiogenic drugs are used to treat cancer by preventing tumors from growing and spreading further.
Keep reading to reveal more ways to treat and prevent macular degeneration now.