What Is Ophthalmology?

Ophthalmology is a field of medicine that involves the diagnosis and treatment of eye issues. The specialty helps patients with everything from prescriptions for glasses and contact lenses to surgical interventions for conditions like retinal tears and strabismus. As with other branches of medicine, some ophthalmologists choose to specialize in the care of pediatric patients, and others treat only adults. Currently, experts recommend that individuals have an eye exam at least once during their 20s, and two exams are recommended between the ages of thirty and thirty-nine. For patients between forty and sixty-four years old, exams are advised every two to four years, and individuals who are sixty-five years old and older are advised to have annual eye exams.

Some of the major facts about ophthalmology are discussed below.

Basic Definition


Ophthalmology is, as mentioned, the avenue of medicine dealing with the eyes and the diagnosis and treatment of conditions affecting vision. Specialists working in this area study and treat issues associated with any part of the eye. For example, they can treat outer eye conditions such as eye infections, cysts, or weakness in the muscles that control the eyelid. They also evaluate and treat conditions affecting the inside of the eye and the retina, including cataracts, retinal tears, and retinal detachment. Ophthalmology often deals with cases that require eye surgery. Ophthalmologists are trained in laser surgery for various eye conditions, and they can also perform surgery on the eyes with traditional instruments.

Learn about the differences between professionals involved in the field of ophthalmology now.

Emily Fowler