Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSDs)
Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are often caused by lost or restricted work time, affecting muscles, nerves, blood vessels, ligaments, and tendons. In 2013, the Bureau of Labor Statistics discovered MSD cases accounted for thirty-three percent of all worker injury and illness cases. Some examples of MSDs include carpal tunnel syndrome, tendinitis, rotator cuff injuries, epicondylitis, trigger finger, muscle strains, and lower back injuries.
The most common cause of workplace MSDs is due to high task repetition, forceful exertions, and repetitive or strained postures. However, they can be prevented with the integration of ergonomics in the workplace. To avoid MSDs, employers and workers must work together to create a safe environment by identifying problems, providing training and support, involving workers, and implementing solutions.