A favorite fruit of Queen Victoria, mangosteen is often eaten in jams and desserts. The tropical fruit grows mainly in Southeast Asia, India, Columbia, Puerto Rico, and Florida, and it is roughly the same size as a small orange. With a thick, red rind, the flesh of the fruit is white. The rind of mangosteen is a deep purple when ripe, and the fruit is both tart and sweet. For centuries, the bark, rind, pulp, and juice of the mangosteen have been used for medicinal purposes, particularly in Southeast Asia. Mangosteen juice is frequently sold in blended juice, and mangosteen supplements are available. Mangosteen extracts are also included in skincare products.
The health benefits described below are just a few of those associated with the mangosteen.
Rich In Antioxidants
Mangosteen contains several antioxidants, including vitamin C and folate. Antioxidants reduce the damaging effects free radicals can have on the body. Mangosteen is particularly rich in antioxidants known as xanthones, and these compounds have been shown to protect against diabetes, cancer, aging, and inflammation. A Japanese study found xanthones reduce the growth of leukemia cells, and research conducted in Thailand showed these antioxidants are similarly effective in slowing the growth of bile duct cancer. The anti-inflammatory effects of xanthones have been demonstrated in both animal and human studies. A Thai study suggests the consumption of xanthones is associated with reduced inflammation among obese patients, and Chinese researchers have found patients who have had heart attacks have less heart damage if they are treated with xanthones.
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