Also known as airplane ear, barotrauma occurs due to changes in air pressure, and it can result in ear discomfort. Acute barotrauma typically develops in response to altitude changes, including those that take place while traveling in a plane or in high-altitude areas. Chronic cases of barotrauma and severe instances of acute barotrauma may cause intense pain in the ears, and patients might experience a feeling of ear pressure similar to being underwater. Nosebleeds, dizziness, damage to the eardrum, and moderate to severe hearing loss have all been reported. The majority of hearing loss experienced with this condition will resolve with treatment. Doctors investigate this condition by taking a health history and performing an ear exam. For this type of exam, the clinician might need to squeeze a small amount of air into the ear to check for fluid buildup or blood behind the eardrum. Acute instances of this condition may resolve with the use of decongestants or antihistamines. Patients who develop a ruptured eardrum as a result of this ailment might need surgery to prevent permanent damage, and surgical interventions are typically recommended for other patients with severe cases too.