What Is The Bentall Procedure?

Bentall procedure is a surgical procedure utilized in individuals who experience a bulge or an aneurysm in their aorta. The large blood vessel oxygen-rich blood is carried through from the heart to the rest of the body is referred to as the aorta. An aneurysm in an individual's aorta can cause the valve that regulates blood flow from the heart into the aorta to become structurally altered and functionally impaired. This malfunction can cause an aortic rupture that is fatal in most cases when left untreated. An aortic aneurysm stretches the aortic root where the aortic valve is located. The aortic valve cannot function when the space it is regulating becomes too wide. Aortic valve regurgitation is the result, causing the internal pressure in the heart to increase. The Bentall procedure is effective at preventing these serious complications by replacing the impaired valve and weak aorta.

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What Conditions It Treats

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The Bentall procedure may be utilized in patients with varying types of damage or malformations of the aortic valve and aortic trunk. Multiple conditions can be treated with the Bentall procedure, including aortic regurgitation, Marfan's syndrome, aortic dissection, and aortic aneurysm. Aortic regurgitation is a condition where an individual's blood flows backward from their aorta into the left ventricle of their heart because the aortic valve does not close enough or is too weak to prevent the backflow of blood. Marfan's syndrome is a rare genetic disease that causes the weakening of a patient's aortic wall. An aortic dissection is a condition where an individual's aortic wall experiences a tear with the potential to result in the rupture of their aorta. An aortic aneurysm is when a patient's aortic wall becomes weakened and stretches or enlarges, causing an increase in the diameter of the area the aortic valve is responsible for regulating. All of these conditions can be treated by replacing the malfunctioning aortic wall and valve.

Learn about how the Bentall procedure is performed next.

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