Angioplasty And Stenting
Angioplasty and stenting are also popular choices for treating acute coronary syndrome. Angioplasty is the surgery where blocked blood vessels are opened to allow the blood to begin returning to the heart. The stent, also called the coronary artery stent, is a metal tube used to expand the inside of the artery. It functions by preventing the artery from closing during surgery. It can also be used long term to prevent the artery from closing over the long term. It is used to treat atherosclerosis, which causes fatty plaque to build up in the blood vessels in the heart.
Physicians will suggest it if lifestyle changes or medications have not improved the patient's heart condition. However, the procedure is not for everyone. If the heart muscle has been weakened or there are a number of diseased blood vessels, physicians will prescribe artery bypass surgery instead. There are several risks involved in angioplasty, despite it being one of the less invasive procedures. Risks include blood clots, bleeding, and re-narrowing of the artery.
Nitroglycerin helps with chest pain related to the blood flow to the heart. It helps open up the blood vessels to allow more blood through to the heart, relieving chest pain. Physicians suggest patients should take it before certain activities like physical activities, exercise, and situations that cause anxiety or stress. The medication is taken by mouth up to four times each day.
It should be swallowed whole because crushing the capsules could release the entire drug at once, increasing the risk of side effects, which include headaches, dizziness, nausea, or lightheadedness. It is important for patients to communicate with their doctor if they start experiencing any serious side effects including fainting, or irregular heartbeats. It is also important for the patient to communicate with their doctor if they have low blood pressure, because nitroglycerin may cause lowered blood pressure.
Beta blockers are one of the most widely used medications that treat hypertension and congestive heart failure. They function by blocking the release of epinephrine, causing the heart rate to slow down while also decreasing the heart's need for oxygen. Along with acute coronary syndrome, beta blockers are prescribed to individuals diagnosed with heart conditions like angina, high blood pressure, heart failure, heart attacks, and abnormal heart rhythms. The medication should be taken with meals to help the body absorb the medication slowly. It is also important for the patient to check their pulse every day to ensure their blood pressure does not get too low. Beta blockers have several side effects, including fatigue, upset stomach, headaches, shortness of breath, trouble sleeping, dizziness, and cold hands. It is important to consult the physician when dealing with low blood pressure or a slow pulse.