Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors are also prescribed to treat heart disease. This type of medication is used to treat many conditions including migraines, scleroderma, and high blood pressure. They function by preventing an enzyme in the body from producing angiotensin, which helps relax the blood vessels. Angiotensin II causes the blood vessels to become narrow while simultaneously releasing hormones into the body that raise blood pressure, causing the heart to function at a higher rate. It is prescribed to prevent or improve symptoms like heart failure, diabetes, coronary artery disease, heart attacks, chronic kidney disease, migraines, and high blood pressure.
There are many side effects users should be aware of including increased potassium levels in the blood, dizziness, fainting, loss of taste, headaches, fatigue, and dry cough. The pills are taken on an empty stomach before meals. It is important for patients to have a physician check their blood pressure and kidneys regularly.