Angioplasty And Stenting
Angioplasty and stenting are also popular choices for treating acute coronary syndrome. Angioplasty is the surgery where blocked blood vessels are opened to allow the blood to begin returning to the heart. The stent, also called the coronary artery stent, is a metal tube used to expand the inside of the artery. It functions by preventing the artery from closing during surgery. It can also be used long term to prevent the artery from closing over the long term. It is used to treat atherosclerosis, which causes fatty plaque to build up in the blood vessels in the heart.
Physicians will suggest it if lifestyle changes or medications have not improved the patient's heart condition. However, the procedure is not for everyone. If the heart muscle has been weakened or there are a number of diseased blood vessels, physicians will prescribe artery bypass surgery instead. There are several risks involved in angioplasty, despite it being one of the less invasive procedures. Risks include blood clots, bleeding, and re-narrowing of the artery.