Atrial Fibrillation Risk Factors
An individual may be at an increased risk of developing atrial fibrillation if certain factors apply to them. Risk factors for atrial fibrillation are a blend of lifestyle choices, individual characteristics, and certain medical conditions. Patients affected by diabetes, high blood pressure, coronary artery disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, prior heart attacks, congestive heart failure, structural heart disease, thyroid disease, chronic lung disease, sleep apnea, and chronic kidney disease are at a higher risk of developing atrial fibrillation than unaffected individuals. Individuals who are overweight, obese, smoke regularly, drink excessive amounts of alcohol, are physically inactive, consume excessive amounts of caffeine, use illegal stimulants, and consume a high-fat diet are also at a higher risk than others of developing atrial fibrillation. Certain genetics that cause individuals to have higher levels of lipids in their blood, high blood pressure, abnormal vascular makeup, a higher risk of autoimmune disease, and many others can cause an individual to be at an increased risk of developing atrial fibrillation.