What Causes And Increases The Risk Of Frozen Shoulder?

Adhesive capsulitis, otherwise known as frozen shoulder, is a condition defined by pain and stiffness in the shoulder. The symptoms usually appear and progress gradually before resolving. Frozen shoulder’s progression tends to last between one and three years. A number of conditions and circumstances can increase the risk of an individual developing frozen shoulder. The treatment for this condition, which often relies on understanding the cause, typically involves exercises to increase the patient’s range of motion. In some cases, patients are treated with numbing medications injected into the affected joint. Corticosteroids are also sometimes helpful. There are rare cases in which an individual may undergo arthroscopic surgery to loosen their joint and allow a freer range of motion.

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Thickening Of Connective Tissue Capsule


The shoulder is made up of a group of tendons, ligaments, and bones. These are encased in a capsule made of connective tissue. When there’s a thickening of this connective tissue capsule, the tissue tightens around the shoulder, restricting the overall movement of the joint. Doctors haven’t yet discovered what physical process triggers the tightening of this capsule, though they have identified a number of risk factors. The condition also occurs more commonly in patients over forty years old, especially women over this age. If an individual is at risk of developing frozen shoulder, it’s important for them to talk to a doctor about how to preserve their shoulder’s range of motion.

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