Degenerative disc disease is a term used to describe the breakdown of spinal discs in the back that occurs naturally with age. It is not necessarily a disease but can be considered an age-related occurrence. Spinal discs interlock the bones that make up the spine. They are soft and compressible and act as shock absorbers, allowing the spine to flex, twist, and bend. Degenerative disc disease usually occurs in the discs located in the lower back and neck, and changes in discs can result in neck pain and other conditions that put pressure on the spinal cord and nerves, which may affect nerve function.
May Cause Neck And Back Pain
Degenerative disc disease may cause changes in the spinal discs that can develop into osteoarthritis, a herniated disc, or spinal stenosis. Osteoarthritis occurs when the tissue or cartilage that protects and cushions the joints starts to break down. A herniated disc is an abnormal bulge of a spinal disc, and it may also occur when one of the spinal discs break open. Spinal stenosis is characterized by the narrowing of the spinal canal or the open space located in the spine.