Glomerulonephritis may cause permanent damage to the glomeruli. If this occurs, depending on the extent of the damage the individual may develop chronic kidney disease. In extremely severe cases, a patient who started off with glomerulonephritis may end up with end-stage renal disease. Individuals who have chronic kidney disease or end-stage renal disease may require a kidney transplant in order to live. Because of the shortage in healthy donor kidneys and the tedious matching process, most patients end up on dialysis while waiting for a donor kidney. A donor kidney may come from someone who has just died or a deceased donor. The organ may also come from a live donor since individuals are able to survive with one healthy kidney. Living donor transplants last on average between fifteen and twenty years, while a deceased donor transplant lasts on average between ten and fifteen years. In terms of glomerulonephritis, the underlying medical condition or disease may still affect the patient’s body. Unless steps are taken to effectively treat the underlying problem, there will always be a risk of developing glomerulonephritis in the newly transplanted kidney.
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