Renal osteodystrophy, which is prevalent among children, is a type of bone diseases that affect many individuals. It is the alteration of the bone morphology in patients. It slows down the bone
growth and causes various types of deformities. The forms of renal osteodystrophy are based on the mineralization and the turnover.
Renal osteodystrophy arises when the blood in the kidney fails to maintain proper levels of phosphorus and calcium. Patients who suffer from kidney disease and dialysis are at a higher risk than other individuals. Some of the symptoms of the disease include weakened bones, painful joints, and increased susceptibility to fractures.
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Reducing Phosphorus Intake
Phosphorus and calcium are essential minerals useful in bone formation. The kidney is the organ in the body responsible for balancing mineral levels in the blood. The kidney, therefore, partakes in the remodeling and rebuilding of body tissues in the bones. There is the specific range in the amount calcium and phosphorus have to stay within the body. There is a need to regulate calcium in the blood. The parathyroid glands produce the parathyroid hormone, which regulates calcium.
The other important regulator is phosphorus, which helps keep calcium balanced in the blood. However excessive calcium is in blood, the calcium levels are balanced and go down. Patients with kidney disease are at more risk than others because their kidney does not function as it should. The improper functioning of the organ may result in excessive phosphorus, which lowers calcium. Reducing phosphorus intake helps control the secretion of parathyroid hormone.
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