Most healthy individuals have two kidneys, one on either side of the lower spine. These organs are the blood's filtration system. They manufacture urine to remove waste products and excess water from the body. Individuals with kidney problems can experience dizziness, fatigue, weakness, feeling cold, and shortness of breath. Patients may notice swelling of the face, hands, or feet, and the skin may become very itchy. Their urine may change to pink or red. Patients could experience more frequent nighttime urination or a sensation of pain or pressure during urination.
There are many options available for kidney disease treatment. For instance, patients can take medicine to break up kidney stones or kidney infection medication. Some individuals may want to try natural treatment for kidney disease. Of course, dialysis for kidney conditions is a common treatment. The best kidney treatment, however, depends on the specific condition. Learn about the various kidney conditions now.
Chronic Kidney Disease
Chronic kidney disease is a gradual loss of normal kidney function. Individuals with diabetes, high blood pressure, and cardiovascular disease are at an increased risk of this condition. The presence of other kidney conditions such as glomerulonephritis or polycystic kidney disease can also increase the risk of chronic kidney disease. Patients in the earliest stages of this condition may not have any symptoms at all. As the condition progresses, patients may notice a loss of appetite, skin itching, muscle twitches, sleep disturbances, and declines in mental sharpness. Nausea, vomiting, shortness of breath, and fatigue may be present. Patients who have hypertension may find that it becomes more difficult to control.
Patients with diabetes and other conditions that increase the likelihood of developing chronic kidney disease will typically have their kidney function monitored with urine and blood tests at their regular checkups. If chronic kidney disease is suspected, doctors may perform an ultrasound of the kidneys to check their size and structure. Many cases of chronic kidney disease are not curable, and treatment focuses on slowing the progression of the condition. Doctors usually prescribe medication to control blood pressure, reduce cholesterol, and protect the bones. Some patients may be advised to restrict their dietary protein intake to minimize the amount of waste that the kidneys must filter. In the most advanced stages of chronic kidney disease, patients will need to begin dialysis and a kidney transplant may be recommended.
Uncover more types of kidney disease now.